Fascinating info from field study on #migrantworkers in #Italy ‘s farms.

In Ragusa, Romanians (new to sector) get worse wages than Tunisians (long connections, unionized)! >
Farmwork is increasingly women’s work in Italy. Asylum-seeking mothers with humanitarian permits work on farms - because having children mean employers won’t take them for domestic work.
Those fresh oranges from #Italy? The farmer got 35 cents for a kilo. Picked by Africans, Albanians, Romanians for low low wages with shitty accommodation.
In Sicily, Puglia, Calabria #migrantworkers from Africa are forced to live in camps - excluded from local society - driving hostility by local Italians.
But rural work has been a “reservoir of resilience” for foreign migrants - moving from Italian cities during economic crisis.

And farmers say these #migrantworkers are crucial to survival of Italian agriculture during that time.
Beyond agriculture - #migrantworkers have sustained small mountain communities by providing care for Italian children & elderly.
(Info in this thread from Italian experts at closed round table - I’ll tweet their study & attribute when it’s out.)

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More from @SimonFRCox

Oct 4, 2018
Areopagitica was Milton’s call for rational, evidence-based debate - to ensure Parliament acts wisely. My kinsman abuses it for nationalist rhetoric theguardian.com/politics/2018/…
Areopagitica was Milton’s argument against Government censorship, at height of English civil war. It’s themes are Liberty & Truth. dartmouth.edu/~milton/readin… >
For Milton, democracy meant an engaged public, informed & debating. en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Areopagit… >
Read 5 tweets
Sep 18, 2018
No-deal Brexit threatens pensions & benefits of 100s of 1000s of UK & EU27 citz who aren't citizens of where they live. Thread 1/
EU law guarantees EU citz equal treatment & portability of old age pensions, child benefits & many disability benefits. UK cant discriminate against UK pension holders who live elsewhere in EU. Nor can EU27 stop pensions for their citizens in UK . 2/
EU social security "co-ordination" is one of the oldest - & greatest - legal rights in the EU. Since 1957 EU citz have known they can move around, change job and they will not be treated the worse for it. 3/
Read 14 tweets
Sep 18, 2018
UK media can’t deal with a news story where what British voters want doesn’t matter much for what they get. >
Good eg of liberal media denialism @guardian @jessicaelgot “UK can just decide to cancel A50 - but does it want to??”

No - real news is “EU probably wont even let UK do that...” >
News presentation can’t be explained by general journo reluctance to say “UK can’t decide this alone”. Guardian’s does that for climate change & more >
Read 5 tweets
Sep 13, 2018
Europe’s strong line against Orbán is a historic moment for democratic unity. Especially for conservatives. #Hungary

A celebratory thread. 1/
Orbán’s Party - Fidesz - is a long-standing member of @EPP , Europe’s main alliance of conservative parties. So is Angela Merkel’s CDU. 2/
As Orbán helmed Hungary towards menacing autocracy, the EPP just kept on paying out more rope. Emboldened, Fidesz became more outrageous. 3/
Read 10 tweets
Sep 13, 2018
Why did UK Tories oppose EU broad-based action to defend #Hungary’s democracy? Thread 1/
#Orbán’s popular - but corrupt & racist - regime was charged before Europe’s directly elected Parliament with undermining Hungary’s democracy theguardian.com/commentisfree/… 2/
Conservatives across Europe joined a broad spectrum of the overwhelming majority of MEPs to demand action. (The first time these new powers have been invoked by Parliament) 3/
Read 17 tweets
Sep 4, 2018
Theory:

- British nationalists feel let down by EU: that it didn’t advance their economic interests against those of RotW. They didn’t believe UK can lead EU.

- EU27’s nationalists don’t believe their own state would do better against RotW, as long as they lead EU.
Autocratic-populism is, in UK, primarily a *localised* threat

In EU, it’s a *global* threat to the international legal order that’s promoted peaceful resolution of disputes since WWII.
That international order *also* serves/d West’s aims of global dominance. But it’s no surprise that as South gains power to use it more effectively, forces in West push to destroy it.
Read 4 tweets

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