Paul Scharre Profile picture
Nov 8, 2017 48 tweets 30 min read Twitter logo Read on Twitter
Have you been ignoring #autonomousweapons for the past 18 months and are now suddenly scrambling to catch up before the #CCWUN #LAWS #GGE next week? (You know who you are...) Congrats, your procrastination has been rewarded! Here's your handy autonomous weapons reading list... 1/
First, homework. The official #CCWUN food-for-thought paper by the chair. Gotta read it. Super short, tho.… 2/
Country paper by the Netherlands:… 3/
BTW, props to the Netherlands for offering a working definition of autonomous weapons ... (too long for one tweet, even w/ xtra characters) 4/
Autonomous weapon = “A weapon that, without human intervention, selects and
engages targets matching certain predefined criteria, following a human decision to deploy the weapon on the understanding that an attack, once launched, cannot be stopped by human intervention.” 5/
Also, some useful points on meaningful human control from the Netherlands country paper. There's sure to be disagreement, but they're putting some fodder on the table for discussion. 6/
Now, let's catch up quick on some highlights from news and articles on #autonomousweapons from the past 18 months since the last #CCWUN meetings (apologies in advance for articles I miss) 7/
A refresher -- here's the Chair's report from the 2016 #CCWUN #LAWS meeting:… 8/
Lots of discussion about "meaningful human control," "appropriate human judgment," and other formulations of "____ human ____". Final report included language on "appropriate human involvement with regard to lethal force." 9/
A few months after the 2016 #CCWUN, @RebeccaCrootof rolled out with this report on #autonomousweapons… … (no easy summers at Yale Law, apparently...) 10/
Frank Sauer weighed in on arms control for #autonomousweapons @ArmsControlNow… 11/
.@HMRoff on marine mammals as an analogy for how we think about delegated responsibility and accountability in #autonomousweapons… (I've always found this to be a very intriguing analogy) 12/
Bonnie Docherty @hrw @BanKillerRobots rolled out some commentary and a major report in the lead-up to the #CCWUN review conference in Dec 2016… 13/
Bonnie Docherty @hrw @BanKillerRobots "Making the Case" for a preemptive ban on #autonomousweapons… 14/
Anna Khalfaoui offered some reflections on the #CCWUN Fifth Review Conference… 15/
.@RebeccaCrootof & Frauke Renz suggested we "Change the Conversation" on #autonomousweapons in @lawfareblog… 16/
Izumi Nakamitsu @INakamitsu of the #UN weighed in with a letter to @BanKillerRobots… 17/
.@mattwaxman1 @kennethanderson wrote a book chapter giving an overview of the legal and ethical arguments on #autonomousweapons… 19/
Then in August of this year 100+ leaders of robotics and #AI firms signed an open letter warning of the dangers of #autonomousweapons… 20/
Actual text of the open letter here:… … 21/ @TobyWalsh
The letter sparked many reactions and responses, including some analysis of how it differed from previous letters that called for a ban: 22/
Here was my take on the letter and the feasibility of a ban in @thecipherbrief… 23/
And (thread) ... 24/
Vladimir Putin joined the debate a few weeks later saying, "Whoever becomes the leader in [artificial intelligence] will become the ruler of the world." (I guess he's not signing a ban...)… 25/
My take on autonomy and the role for human judgment in war in @wef… 26/
Piling on Vladimir Putin's comments, @elonmusk joined in, warning that an #ArtificialIntelligence arms race could spark World War III… 27/
Juergen Altmann and Frank Sauer rolled out a comprehensive article on #autonomousweapons and strategic stability in @SurvivalEditors… (spoiler: they don't agree with Putin that an #AI arms race is a good idea) 30/
Since the full article's behind a paywall, here's the blog post @icracnet Juergen Altmann and Frank Sauer wrote earlier on the topic… 31/
The strategic stability implications of #autonomousweapons are very concerning and I think it's great that Frank and Juergen have written such an in-depth piece on the topic. I hope strategic stability will be a topic of discussion at #CCWUN. 32/
Here's another great article on #autonomousweapons and strategic stability by @MLC_Haas @CSS_Zurich @ETH in @TheNatlInterest… (an older article, but great points) 33/
The UK clarified its policy on the role of humans and automation in lethal force:… 35/
My take on the challenges of regulating #autonomousweapons in @TIME… 36/
.@TheAtlantic had a great article on the brittleness of modern software. The article and my take below: 37/
And in the final run-up to the #CCWUN #autonomousweapons meetings next week, a few other articles and news items ... 39/
.@RebeccaCrootof has a great thread on regulating #ArtificialIntelligence 40/
.@ericschmidt of Alphabet discussed #ArtificialIntelligence with me @CNASdc #AINatSec Summit 41/
.@mchorowitz & Julia M. Macdonald draw on lessons from other civil society arms control efforts to try to answer the question, "Will Killer Robots Be Banned?" @lawfareblog… 42/
Stephen Hawking weighed in this week on the dangers of #ArtificialIntelligence and "powerful autonomous weapons"… 43/
And another letter @TobyWalsh, this time from #AI and #robotics researchers in Australia… 44/
Phew! It's a lot to catch up on... and I'm sure I missed a bunch too. Apologies for things I missed and please weigh in with other articles, news, tweets, etc. on #autonomousweapons ahead of the #CCWUN #GGW #LAWS meetings next week. 45/45
Also, @mchorowitz breaks down the technology in this @MIT Daedalus article… 46/
Plus forthcoming book(!) from @sean_welsh77 "Ethics and Security Automata: Policy and Technical Challenges of the Robotic Use of Force"… 48/

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More from @paul_scharre

Sep 12, 2018
This is a thread about #swarms 👇 (1/a lot)
#Swarms are an important and under-explored area of military competition. This thread is inspired by @SamDavaham's recent very detailed @WarOnTheRocks article arguing why swarms are not effective.… 2/
Needless to say, I have a different perspective (as I've written before). But I appreciate @SamDavaham's critical analysis. Militaries are only going to better understand the value of #swarms by discussion and debate.… 3/
Read 33 tweets

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