Karol Cummins Profile picture
Aug 2, 2018 • 41 tweets • 50 min read
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Jan Vermeer was born 1632 and died 1675 in Delft, Netherlands.

Johanna’s Vermeer - Self Portrait at age 30

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Johannes Vermeer is one of the most highly regarded Dutch artists of all time.

Johanna’s Vermeer - Self Portrait

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

His works have been a source of aesthetic joy, inspiration and fascination for centuries, but much of his life remains a mystery.

Vermeer - Girl with a Pearl Earring - 1665 (me at a younger age)🤣

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

His father, Reynier, came from a family of weavers in the town of Delft, and his mother, Digna, was of Flemish ancestry.

Influencer

Rembrandt- Musical Allegory - Baroque

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Early in his career his father was a weaver and later worked as a tavern keeper and an art merchant,

Influencer

Rembrandt - Self-Portrait with Two Circles

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and Vermeer inherited both of these business upon his father's death in 1652.

Influencer

Rembrandt - The Storm on the Sea of Galilee - 1633 - Baroque

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The following year, Vermeer married Catherina Bolnes. Bolnes was Catholic, and Vermeer converted to her faith.

Girl Reading at an Open Window (perhaps Catherine His wife)

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
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The couple moved in with her mother, and would eventually have 11 children together.

Influencer

Carel Fabritius. View of Delft with a Musical Instrument Seller's Stall.

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Some experts also believe that Vermeer may have been influenced by the works of Rembrandt through one of Rembrandt's students, Carel Fabritius.

Influencer

Fabritius, Carel: Artist in Studio

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🌿#Vermeer🌿

His early works include "Girl Asleep at the Table."

Girl Asleep at the Table - 1657

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🌿#Vermeer🌿

In his earliest paintings, Vermeer surveyed the styles of various seventeenth-century artists.

Officer and Laughing Girl - 1655
(De Soldaat en het Lachende Meisje)

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For example, in Christ in the House of Martha and Mary (ca. 1654–55)

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Vermeer achieved an unlikely mixture of the styles of Anthony van Dyck and Hendrick ter Brugghen. (See above work)

The Girl with a Wineglass - 1659

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As his style matured, he painted "Little Street" and "View of Delft."

The Little Street - 1657

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In 1652, joined the Delft painter’s guild and served as its dean from 1662 to '63, and again from 1669 to '70

View of Delft - 1660

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The painter also explored mythology in "Diana and Her Companions" (1655-56), and

Diana and her Companions -1653

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religion in "Christ in the House of Mary and Martha" (c. 1655). (Above)

Girl Interrupted in her Music - 1658

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

The influence of Caravaggio is apparent in Vermeer's early works, including "The Procuress" (1656).

The Procuress - 1656

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Many of Vermeer's masterworks focus on domestic scenes, including "The Milkmaid" (c. 1657-58).

The Milkmaid

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🌿#Vermeer🌿

This depiction of a woman in the midst of her work showcases two of his trademarks:

The Music Lesson - 1662

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his realistic renderings of figures and objects, and his fascination with light

Woman with a Lute - (De luitspelster)
c. 1662–1665

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By the end of the decade, Vermeer's unique style began to emerge.

Young Woman with a Water Pitcher
(Vrouw met waterkan) - c. 1662–1665

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

After 1660, Vermeer painted "The Concert" and "Girl with a Pearl Earring." (Above)

The Concert (Het concert)
c. 1663–1666

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Many of his works have a luminous quality, including the portrait "Girl with a Pearl Earring" (1665).

Woman in Blue Reading a Letter
(Brieflezende vrouw in het blauw)
c. 1662–1665

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Vermeer enjoyed some success in Delft, selling his works to a small number of local collectors.

Woman with a Pearl Necklace
(Vrouw met parelsnoer)
c. 1662–1665

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

However, Vermeer was not well-known outside of his community during his lifetime.

Woman Holding a Balance
(Vrouw met weegschaal)
c. 1662–1665

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
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Vermeer struggled financially in his final years, largely because the Dutch economy had suffered after the country was invaded by France in 1672.

The Allegory of Faith
(Allegorie op het geloof)
c. 1670–1674

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
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Vermeer was deeply indebted by the time of his death; he died in Delft circa December 16, 1675.

The Art of Painting
(De Schilderkonst)
c. 1662–1668

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Since his passing, Vermeer has become a world-renowned artist & his works have been hung in many prominent museums around the globe.

Girl with a Red Hat
(Meisje met de rode hoed )
c. 1665–1667

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Despite how much he is admired today, Vermeer left behind a small legacy in terms of actual works.

Mistress and Maid
(Dame en dienstbode)
c. 1666–1668

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🌿#Vermeer🌿

Approximately 36 paintings have been officially attributed to Vermeer.

Girl with a Flute
c. 1665–1670

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Vermeer’s work was shrouded in obscurity until Sphinx of Delftis rediscovered and aficionados sought out other works did his star rise.

The Astronomer - (De astronoom)
1668

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

The first big American show of Vermeer works was presented in 1909 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The Geographer - (De geograaf)
c. 1668–1669

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
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Since then the value of Vermeer’s paintings have skyrocketed into the stratosphere.

The Lacemaker - (De kantwerkster)
c. 1669–1671

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Today Vermeer ranks among the most admired of all Dutch artists.

The Guitar Player
(De gitaarspeelster)
c. 1670–1673

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

David Hockney and others have speculated—controversially—that a camera obscura could have helped the Dutch painter Vermeer achieve his photo-realistic effects in the 1600s.
vanityfair.com/culture/2013/1…

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Additional reading:

metmuseum.org/toah/hd/verm/h…

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#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Vermeer: the artist who taught the world to see ordinary beauty

theguardian.com/artanddesign/j…

🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿

#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

Saint Praxedis

If you like this please check out

#PopArt, #GermanExpressionism, #PreRaphaelites, #Dadaism #Surrealism. #Bauhaus & #AshCanSchool #Fauvism #Futurism #Vorticism #Supremacism #AndrewWyeth

🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿

#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

A Lady Seated at a Virginal

Also please check out:

#MaxfieldParrish #JohnSingerSargent
#DavidHockney #Kandinsky #StillLife #GustavKlimt #EdgarDegas #ImogenCunninghamF64

Up next? Erte?

🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿

#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
🌿#Vermeer🌿

A Lady Standing at a Virginal

@threadreaderapp unroll please and thank you.

🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿⭐️🌿

#PAM #PAMFAM #Vermeer
#TeamPatriot #USVIA

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