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Aug 19, 2018 β€’ 55 tweets β€’ 66 min read
🌷#PierreAugusteRenoir🌷

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born 1841 in Limoges, Franc and died 1919 in Cagnes, France.

Self-Portrait - 1875
Pierre-Auguste Renoir

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Romain Lascaux - 1864

Renoir is regarded as one of the central figures of the Impressionist movement.

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Like #MaryCassatt his early works were typically bright and colorful Impressionist studies of ordinary day to day life.

Girl Gathering Flowers - 1872

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However by the mid-1880s, he had broken with the movement & applied a more disciplined, formal technique/approach to his portraits & figure paintings, particularly of women.

Dancer - 1874

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Renoir demonstrated his talent at an early age. Recognizing his talent, his parents apprenticed him, at age 13 to a porcelain factory.

Spring Bouquet - 1866

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At the porcelain factory, he learned to decorate plates with bouquets of flowers.

Still life with Fuchsias -1879

πŸ“ŒNote the Chinese influence in style. (Chinese art exhibit in France at the time.)

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Shortly after that, he was painting fans and then cloth panels representing religious themes for missionaries.

Madame Stora in Algerian Dress - 1870

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In 1862, he took evening courses in drawing & anatomy at the Γ‰cole des Beaux-Arts as well as painting lessons at the studio of Charles Gleyre.

musee-orsay.fr/en/events/exhi…

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Gleyre had been a student of the 19th-century Neoclassical painter Jean-Auguste-Dominque Ingres.

JosΓ©phine-Γ‰lΓ©onore-Marie-Pauline de Galard de Brassac de BΓ©arn Princesse de Broglie

jeanaugustedominiqueingres.org/the-complete-w…

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Renoir chafed at the traditional academic style of art taught, but found he shared an aesthetic sensibility with

The Banks of the Seine - 1875

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His classmates Alfred Sisley, Claude Monet, & FrΓ©dΓ©ric Bazille.

Girl with a Fan

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Snow at Louveciennes I by Alfred Sisley

alfredsisley.org/the-complete-w…

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Poppy Field in Argenteuil by Claude Monet
claude-monet.com

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Their shared sensibilities quickly led to a strong friendship, and Renoir’s early works include FrΓ©dΓ©ric Bazille (1867),

Flowers by FrΓ©dΓ©ric Bazille

nga.gov/exhibitions/20…

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Frederic Bazille at his Easel 1867 by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

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Renoir

The Painter Sisley and His Wife (1868)

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and Claude Monet Painting in His Garden at Argenteuil (1873) by Renoir.

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At the AcadΓ©mie Suisse, Paul CΓ©zanne and Camille Pissarro were preoccupied with the same aesthetic sensibilities...

La Montagne Sainte-Victoire - Paul CΓ©zanne
thewestologist.com/arts/how-cezan…

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As Renoir & his friends. The two groups met frequently.

Boating Couple aka Aline Charigot and Renoir by Renoir

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The two groups met frequently. FrΓ©dΓ©ric Bazille was the go between the two groups of friends.

Camille Pissarro - Sunset at St. Charles, Eragny 1891

camille-pissarro.org/the-complete-w…

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Renoir enjoyed the freedom of experimenting with new techniques while developing his style.

The Box - 1874

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In 1864, contrary to the norm of the time Gleyre introduced his four students to painting outdoors in the forest of Fontainebleau.

Young man in the forest of Fontainebleau

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In 1863 Γ‰douard Manet took a much bolder step: his painting Le DΓ©jeuner sur l’herbe (1863; Luncheon on the Grass) provoked quite a scandal because its subject and technique.

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Manet’s daring made him quite the hero, in the eyes of the young artists, and came to become the leader of a new movement.

Girl with a Watering Can -1876
(My mother’s favorite)

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Impressionism attracted notoriety with the first Impressionist exposition of 1874, held independently of the official Salon.

Mlle Irene Cahen d'Anvers

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β€œIt took 10 years for the movement to acquire its definitive form, its independent vision, and its unique perceptiveness.”

Luncheon of the Boating Party (1881)

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β€œExperts point to 1874 as the year of departure for the movement that subsequently spawned modern art.”

Dance at Bougival - 1883

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Renoir’s work is a perfect illustration of this new approach in thought & technique.

The Rose Garden at Wargemont

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β€œBy using small, multicolored strokes, he evoked the vibration of the atmosphere, the sparkling effect of foliage,

Les Deux SΕ“urs on the terrace - 1881

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And especially the luminosity of a young woman’s skin in the outdoors.”

Portrait of the Actress Jeanne Samary

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Renoir and his companions stubbornly strove to produce light-suffused paintings from which black was excluded from their palettes.

Edouard Manet's daughters by Renoir

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Impressionism was naturally considered quite radical and frequently disparaged as it did not embrace the realism dictated by traditional aesthetic formulas.

The Doges Palace Venice

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Because of the then radical style of Impressionism the paintings were outright rejected by the juries of the Salon and difficult to sell.

The Great Boulevards

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Renoir, because of his fascination with the human figure, was distinctive among the others, who were more interested in landscape.

DeuxJeunes Filles au Piano - 1892

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Renoir was fortunate to have a champion in publisher Georges Charpentier, who introduced him to a more comfortable clientele,

Flower Study

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from whom he obtained commissions for portraits, most notably of women and children.

Women in a Garden

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Renoir mastered the ability to convey his immediate visual impressions, and his paintings showed great vibrancy, luminosity and joy of life despite his financial woes.

Girls picking Flowers

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Later Renoir rejected Impressionism and instead returned to a more classical style emphasizing volume, form, contours, & line rather than color & brushstroke.

L’Estaque

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His strong reaction against Impressionism continued until about 1890.

Bowl of Flowers 3

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β€œWhile in southern France, he recovered the instinctive freshness of his art;

Apples and Flowers

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he painted women at their bath with the same healthful bloom he would give to bouquets of flowers”

Bather 4

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His finances improved and met and married Aline Charigot in 1890.

Claude and Renee aka Claude

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An exposition was organized for him in 1892 by the dealer Paul Durand-Ruel, which fortunately proved to be a great success.

Coastal Landscape

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And which gave him a new confidence which was reflected in his work.

Flowers in a Vase

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Sadly, in 1894 Renoir suffered his first attack of rheumatism and moved to southern France for his health.

Young Girl With Daisies

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In 1899 he settled in the village of Cagnes; and in 1907 he bought the estate of Les Collettes, where he spent the rest of his life.

Cagney Landscape XII

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Gabrielle With A Rose, 1911:

Gabrielle Renard was the Renoir family's longtime nanny β€” and the artist's muse. He painted her hundreds of times.

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The Skiff (La Yole)
1875

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The Umbrellas - 1881

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Ambroise Vollard

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In 1910 he was no longer able to walk. but despite his infirmities Renoir never ceased to paint; when his fingers were no longer supple, he continued by binding his paintbrush to his hand.

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Additional information:

Auguste Renoir (1841–1919)
metmuseum.org/toah/hd/augu/h…

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If you enjoyed this thread please check out

#PopArt, #GermanExpressionism, #PreRaphaelites, #Dadaism #Surrealism. #Bauhaus & #AshCanSchool #Fauvism #Futurism #Vorticism #Supremacism

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🌷#PierreAugusteRenoir🌷

Also please check out:

#MaxfieldParrish #JohnSingerSargent
#DavidHockney #Kandinsky #StillLife #GustavKlimt #EdgarDegas #ImogenCunninghamF64 #AndrewWyeth #infraredphotography

Up next?

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